What is alveoloplasty and how does it differ from other procedures done on the alveolar ridge? The alveoloplasty definition is a surgical procedure that is done, typically at the same time as tooth extraction, to smooth and contour the jawbone of the patient within the alveoli, or the sockets of the teeth. This is done so that a subsequent dental implant has a higher chance of success, retention, comfort, and stability. However, alveoloplasty does not need to be done solely in conjunction with tooth extraction — it can be done after extraction, or even well after a tooth is lost. Alveoloplasty cost is affected by numerous factors, including how much of the jawbone needs to be treated and if the procedure is done as a standalone procedure or in conjunction with tooth extraction. Typically, alveoloplasty that is done as a standalone procedure costs more than one done in conjunction with extraction.