When bone grafting is necessary prior to placing a dental implant, many dentists in the past used autologous bone grafting, since it had long been considered the gold standard in bone reconstruction. An autologous bone graft involves removing bone from one part of the patient’s body and putting it in another. However, over time as newer technology became available, it was realized that autologous bone grafting may not be the best option. The procedure results in a second surgical site to harvest the bone and still the quantity of bone available for harvest may be limited. A second surgical site also opens the door for additional complications. Autologous bone graft alternatives include biomaterials like biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramics and have been proven effective during clinical trials. BCP’s are now considered the new gold standard in bone grafting and bone reconstructive surgery due to their excellent osteoconductive properties and the elimination of a second surgical site.