The term “ramus” refers to the branch or arm of a bone, such as in the pubic bone or the jaw bone. The jawbone has two; one ramus on each side that connects with the skull. In the field of implant dentistry, the ramus is of particular significance to bone grafting procedures. Autogenous bone is often more successful than allograft bone during grafting procedures, and the mandibular ramus provides cortical bone that is suitable for building the alveolar ridge after bone loss prior to dental implant placement. Using grafts from the ramus are highly successful and have a number of advantages, including a low morbidity rate and easy intraoral access. Ramus bone grafts need only a short time to heal, maintain their density after implantation, and exhibits minimal resorption by surrounding bone. Complications of a ramus graft include the possibility of damaging the mandibular neurovascular bundle.